published Sunday, February 1st, 2009

Hamilton County: Answer not in dollars

by Kelli Gauthier
Audio clip

Bob Greving

PDF: Education budget

PDF: Hamilton County budget presentation

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PDF: Sequoyah statement

Article: Hamilton County: City judge asks council to support new vocational school

Article: Hamilton County: School board chairman wants new vocational high school

Article: Future of Soddy-Daisy high schools in question

Article:Hamilton County: Piecemeal approach’ worrisome to board members

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Article: Hamilton County: Stopgap Band-Aid

PDF: Education budget discussion

Article: Chattanooga: Citizen panel wants bigger role in fixing schools’ budget

Article: Chattanooga: Closure talk draws mixed reactions

Article: Chattanooga: Close two schools, cut jobs to balance budget, administrators say

Article: Hamilton County: Answer not in dollars

PDF: HCDE Revenue and Expense Analysis

Article: Hamilton County: Nearly 30 assistant principals could be cut next year, school administrators say

Article: Hamilton County: 'Outsider' confirms school system’s budget woes

Article: Hamilton County: School board puts OK on buyout

Article: Hamilton County: School system considers pay cuts to balance budget

Article: Hamilton County: School system offers teachers updated buyout proposal

Article: Hamilton County: Tough lesson


* The Hamilton County Board of Education’s finance committee and the citizen’s advisory panel will meet Tuesday at 5 p.m. at 3074 Hickory Valley Road.


Members of citizens advisory panel appointed by the Hamilton County Board of Education and Superintendent Jim Scales to “engage the community in the budgeting process” include:

Robert Belcher, Decosimo & Co.

Larry Buie, Chattanooga Gas Co.

Al Chapman, City of Chattanooga

Mike Costello, Decosimo & Co.

Cindy Dearing, Tennessee State PTA president

Bill Eldridge, retired school administrator/former school board member

Kurt Faires, Chambliss, Bahner & Stophel

Bruce Garner, Chattanooga Fire Department

Renee Gibbs, assistant at Unum

Bob Greving, chief financial officer at Unum;

Eddie Holmes, Chattanooga Housing Authority board member

Curtis Johnson, Bi-Lo manager

Tom Kinser, retired CEO of BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee

Travis McDonough, Miller & Martin

Dean Moorhouse

Carol Newton, chief financial officer of Memorial Hospital

Jeff Olingy, Chattanooga State Technical Community College

Irvin Overton, retired CEO of Erlanger hospital

Chantelle Roberson, Miller & Martin

Rick Skiles, Tennessee-American Water

Grant Sowder, East Ridge Elementary PTA president


Below is a summary of the expense growth in Hamilton County Schools’ budget that led to the projected $20.2 million shortfall next year:

* $5.2 million: Medical and other insurance

* $1 million: Transportation

* $2.4 million: Utilities

* $2.5 million: STEP salary increase

* $2.8 million: Personnel for the new East Hamilton High School

* $1 million: Additional personnel for Signal Mountain Middle-High (added a senior class)

* $2 million: Textbooks

* $1.8 million: Retiree medical benefits

* $1.4 million: Instructional reserve

* $150,000: Special education contracts

* $20.2 million: Total projected deficit

Source: Hamilton County Department of Education


The Chattanooga City School system closed 16 elementary schools in 1989: Avondale, East Chattanooga, Mountain Creek, G. Russell Brown, James A. Henry, Oak Grove, Highland Park, Ridgedale, Elbert Long, Booker T. Washington, St. Elmo, Charles A. Bell, Piney Woods, Sunnyside, Eastdale and John A. Patten.

The city and county school districts merged in 1997. Since then, seven schools have closed:

Signal Mountain Elementary, Bachman Elementary, Apison Elementary, Mary Ann Garber Elementary, Franklin Middle, Howard Elementary and White Oak Elementary.

Source: Newspaper archives


* 40 percent: State education funds (Basic Education Program money)

* 39 percent: Local property tax

* 19 percent: Local sales tax

* 2 percent: Other

Source: Hamilton County Department of Education

Public schools receive adequate local taxpayer support, which will force administrators to attack “inefficient” spending to wipe out a $20 million deficit, according to a recent budget analysis.

“This is not a revenue issue from the county’s perspective. Local funding appears to be sufficient,” said Bob Greving, Unum’s chief financial officer who completed the analysis for a citizens advisory panel charged with reviewing the budget.

“We’re actually getting more from the county than other districts,” he said.

Hamilton County allocates a greater percentage of its property tax revenue for schools — 49.6 percent — than Davidson, Knox or Shelby counties, his report shows. Hamilton County spends $2,667 in local property tax revenue per student, second only to Davidson County, data show.

“Hamilton County government makes a huge commitment to the department of education, as we should,” said County Commission Chairman Jim Coppinger. “The taxpayers of this county have obviously stepped up.”

Schools Superintendent Jim Scales has said he will not ask the County Commission for more money, which is good since Mr. Coppinger said there would not be a tax increase this year.

No one should look to the state for more money for schools next year either. Gov. Phil Bredesen is wrestling with a projected shortfall of up to $900 million, Mr. Greving said.

His answer? A radical overhaul of the way the county operates its school system, including a shift away from small, overstaffed schools.

“There’s not been a lot of efficiency squeezed out of this school system,” he said.

Members of the Hamilton County Board of Education finance committee and members of the citizens advisory panel will meet Tuesday to discuss Mr. Greving’s report.


Mr. Greving’s analysis shows that compared with Tennessee’s other large school districts, Hamilton County Schools has one staff member for every six students; the average in other major districts is one staff member for every eight students.

The report suggests the school district has about 1,420 “excess staff” members; cutting them would save $54.4 million.

Compared with other major school districts in the state, Hamilton County also has more schools for fewer students: The average number of students per school is 513 compared with an average of 620 among the other districts, the report shows. Closing 14 “excess” buildings would save about $5.2 million.

About 80 percent of Hamilton County’s schools enroll too few students to cover costs of maintaining, heating, cooling and staffing, school records show.

“We’re operating on a philosophical approach that embraces small schools,” Mr. Greving said. “It’s an inefficient model.”

The options are few — consolidate schools and trim staff, he said.

“It’s not any one thing that can be fixed in the near term to make a $20 million hole go away,” he said.

Cindy Dearing, president of the state’s parent-teacher association and a member of the citizens advisory committee, warned against deep cuts, saying the reductions will affect teachers, students and school community.

“If you volunteer in schools as much as I have, you see things a little differently,” she said. “You just see all of the hard work that parents, the PTA and the teachers put into a school ... you can’t always look at that with a dollar sign.”

Faced with a daunting budget challenge, school board members are considering a range of cost-cutting options, including across-the-board salary freezes, increasing employee health insurance premiums or copayments, reducing central office staff, consolidating or closing schools, eliminating assistant principals and offering bonuses to workers who retire this year.

Kurt Faires, a lawyer with Chambliss, Bahner and Stophel and a member of the advisory panel, said that over the years, the school system has allowed “some creep” in its personnel and buildings count.

“I think it was probably the political path of least resistance until a crisis arose,” he said. “We need to take a machete to this thing and make it right so we don’t have this problem every year.”

Mr. Greving’s conclusion that balancing the budget next year will require cuts to personnel and buildings echoes the message from Tommy Kranz, the district’s chief financial officer.

“I don’t know how we can balance the budget without making these tough choices,” he said.

Irvin Overton, a former Erlanger hospital executive who also serves on the advisory panel, said school system leaders must step up and make some unpopular decisions.

“They’ve got a couple of real tough bullets to bite,” he said of school administrators. “It won’t be pleasant if they do the right thing.”

Long term, Mr. Greving said administrators must reduce overall spending because the school system’s expenses consistently outpace revenue growth every year. That leaves the school district continuously fighting an uphill battle.

Administrators find themselves up against the $20 million deficit this year, following last year’s $11 million shortfall, and projected $15 million and $10 million deficits in fiscal years 2010 and 2011, respectively.

“If you solve the $20 million hole, you’ll just have another one next year,” Mr. Greving said. “Costs go up 4 percent per year, but funding is not going up. It’s a matter of redesigning the way we operate our schools.”

Mr. Kranz agreed.

“If we don’t, we’re going through this exercise every year,” he said. “It’s not fair to our employees, not fair to our students to create the uncertainty we’ve got with our budget. I don’t think it’s right for us as a district to go through this every year.”

about Kelli Gauthier...

Kelli Gauthier covers K-12 education in Hamilton County for the Times Free Press. She started at the paper as an intern in 2006, crisscrossing the region writing feature stories from Pikeville, Tenn., to Lafayette, Ga. She also covered crime and courts before taking over the education beat in 2007. A native of Frederick, Md., Kelli came south to attend Southern Adventist University in Collegedale, where she earned a bachelor’s degree in print journalism. Before newspapers, ...

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aae1049 said...

If the management and elected leadership smiling faces shown above believe that the schools are adequately funded, and just need to be reorginised, let us start with them at the top and get busy reorganizing.

Mr. Kratz you should take a 5 to 10 percent reduction in pay effective imediately. The reorganization needs to start with people that do not directly contribute to our childrens education. Commissioner Coppinger, you do the same for his pay on the County Commissioner 12,000 a year is more than enough to attend a few meetings. So lets go men, lets reorgaziae starting with your pay.


February 1, 2009 at 4:43 a.m.
Humphrey said...

“We’re operating on a philosophical approach that embraces small schools,” Mr. Greving said. “It’s an inefficient model.”

and yet the data are clear that smaller class sizes and smaller schools lead to greater achievement. I'm sure it would be a more efficient model to put 200 kindergarteners in a room and pay one teenager minimum wage to watch them and play dvds all day.

February 1, 2009 at 2:30 p.m.

OK,Dr.Scales,Mr.Krantz and every county employee with a county take home car,turn them in so we can buy books for our kids in school,tehy don't have enough to be able to bring 1 home,to study.They want the teacher to retire early,why save the teachers and cut the pay of the upper crust.remember back when to systems merged"we will save money"not happened yet.Spend more money on enterprise south, 3 years aways our kids are here and now,Mrs.Thurman is the only one who can see the big picture.Step up Dr.Scales the system is sick,you should fix it doc.Be the first you to turn in your county car. D.Smith

February 1, 2009 at 8:15 p.m.
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