published Monday, December 13th, 2010

100-year-old train engine being rebuilt

by Adam Crisp

As far as steam engines go, the scrappy Southern Railway 630 locomotive is on the small side, but from 1904 to the 1960s, it was prized for its ability to keep rolling over hills, through tunnels and across shaky bridges.

But the little engine that could has seen better days. Mothballed for nearly 20 years, its flat-black boiler no longer bubbles, its headlight is off and its whistle is quiet as it sits beneath humming fluorescent warehouse lights at the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum.

But old No. 630 won't be silent forever. Every day -- one piece at a time -- Shane Meador and a crew of seven or so men bring the locomotive back to life. The work is tedious. Volunteers and experts like Meador and his crew have rebuilt nearly every part of the 100-year-old engine, and they hope to power it up for tourists by spring.

  • photo
    Staff Photo by Angela Lewis/Chattanooga Times Free Press David Pugh, left, and Charles Walker walk past a steam-powered locomotive while working on it Thursday at the Tennessee Valley Railroad shop.

"For me, it sometimes seems like the work is going slowly, but when you come in and see progress and you see the train coming together, it's a real motivation to keep going," Meador said.

In truth, work on the train has been going on for 10 years or more. No. 630 needed massive repairs to everything from the frame and running gear to the boiler and even the lighting. In all, the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum expects to spend $500,000 to get the steam engine back on the tracks.

The work is being paid for by museum donors and visitors. Norfolk Southern donated the antique locomotive and gave Meador a leave of absence from his full-time job as a Chattanooga-based railroad machinist to work on the engine.

Once work is complete, the commercial rail line plans to borrow No. 630 for special events, but the locomotive mostly will be used in Chattanooga for tourist excursions from the museum.

"Steam engines are noisy and big; they're romantic and they draw a crowd," said Bill Schafer, director of strategic planning for Norfolk Southern, who also sits on the museum's board. "We are proud of our railroad, its history and employees. We want to showcase that."

At one time, there were more than 2,000 Southern Railway steam locomotives on tracks all over the region, Schafer said. There were more than 200 just like No. 630 in the railway's fleet.

But most rail lines switched from steam power to diesel in the late 1950s and 1960s, and almost all steam engines were scrapped. Southern Railway and Norfolk and Western Railway merged in 1982.

Today, there are fewer than 15 surviving Southern Railway steam locomotives as well as 400 other older rail cars and equipment, according to the Southern Railway Historical Association. The Southern Railway 1401, a glossy green locomotive with gold trim, is on display at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.


Steam locomotive engines gave way to diesel in the 1950s. Now only eight Southern Railway coal-powered engines are on public display.

No. 154: Chilhowee Park, Knoxville

No. 401: Monticello Railway Museum, Monticello, Ill.

No. 542: North Carolina Transportation Museum, Spencer, N.C.

No. 630: Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, Chattanooga

No. 722: Great Smoky Mountain Railway, Bryson City, N.C.

No. 1401: Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

No. 1509: Southeastern Railway Museum, Duluth, Ga.

No. 4501: Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, Chattanooga

Source: Southern Railway Historical Association

Restoring No. 630 comes at a good time. The museum's No. 610 steam engine, a former U.S. Army locomotive, has only days before it must be retired for repairs. Federal law requires that steam engines be used for only 1,472 days before having the boilers broken down for repairs.

Once No. 630 is in service, crews will turn their attention to a third steam engine, No. 4501, which needs repairs, too, said Steve Freer, a spokesman for the museum.

"In a perfect world, we would work on the 610, too, and have them all in service for our 50th anniversary next year," Freer said.

Last week, Meador and his crew finished insulating No. 630's boiler. Previously, the steam-powered engine underwent pressure testing with the Federal Railroad Administration standing by.

The museum had hoped to have the engine in service by this winter, but the work has taken longer than expected, Freer said. It should undergo final tests after the holidays and be ready for tourists no later than the spring, he said.

The Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum owns the largest collection of former Southern Railway cars, engines and cabooses, according to the Southern Railway Historical Association. And when No. 630 goes back into service, it will enter a small club of working steam engines.

"There just really aren't that many running around the country," Freer said. "That's why we are so excited to get this running again."

Contact staff writer Adam Crisp at acrisp@timesfree or 423-757-6323. Follow him on Twitter at

about Adam Crisp...

Adam Crisp covers education issues for the Times Free Press. He joined the paper's staff in 2007 and initially covered crime, public safety, courts and general assignment topics. Prior to Chattanooga, Crisp was a crime reporter at the Savannah Morning News and has been a reporter and editor at community newspapers in southeast Georgia. In college, he led his student paper to a first-place general excellence award from the Georgia College Press Association. He earned ...

Comments do not represent the opinions of the Chattanooga Times Free Press, nor does it review every comment. Profanities, slurs and libelous remarks are prohibited. For more information you can view our Terms & Conditions and/or Ethics policy.
curlyz1 said...

"No. 154: Chilhowee Park, Knoxville"

Engine 154 was removed from Chilhowee Park and has been fully restored to operational capacity. It is now in service with Three Rivers Rambler, a scenic excursion company.

December 13, 2010 at 9:29 a.m.
hcirehttae said...

Taking a trip down to Chickamauga on one of these trains is really fun. I highly recommend it for the whole family, or for a birthday or wedding anniversary.

December 13, 2010 at 9:42 a.m.
frettfull said...

"Shaky" bridges? Can you substantiate that?

December 13, 2010 at 10:24 a.m.
GoonrGrrl said...

Very cute and all, but the reality is that we need REAL train service on the lines these tourist trains service.

December 13, 2010 at 12:11 p.m.
hyhybt said...

Goongirl: If there ever is need for "real train service" along those lines, the museum will, I'm sure, be both willing and able to provide. In fact, they do do a bit of revenue freight work.

December 13, 2010 at 7:48 p.m.
Southerner said...

Chickamauga is a good run, but not as good as going all the way to Summerville. I hope P&W either a)gets its collective head out of its collective hindquarters and allows steam on that line again (they say the steam engines are too heavy for their line, though 610, even fully loaded with coal and water, weighs less than their deisel engines do - but why let facts get in the way?), OR, better yet, Ga. DOT will award operaing rights on that line to TVRM. That would be the best outcome. P&W is a lousy corporate citizen, especially when you consider that the citizens of Georgia own the railroad, and have paid for upgrades to that line. But on the plus side, we'll have 630 AND 4501 in harness again in the near future -- God bless you, Wic Moreman!

February 16, 2011 at 9:03 a.m.
please login to post a comment

Other National Articles

videos »         

photos »         

e-edition »

400 East 11th St., Chattanooga, TN 37403
General Information (423) 756-6900
Copyright, Permissions, Terms & Conditions, Privacy Policy, Ethics policy - Copyright ©2014, Chattanooga Publishing Company, Inc. All rights reserved.
This document may not be reprinted without the express written permission of Chattanooga Publishing Company, Inc.