published Sunday, December 19th, 2010

Bredesen cites education, jobs as legacy, rues TennCare

  • photo
    Gov. Phil Bredesen talks about his eight years in office during an interview on Monday, Dec. 13, 2010, in Nashville, Tenn. Bredesen says his administration's work with Republican Gov.-elect Bill Haslam stands in contrast with his own experience coming into office eight years ago. (AP Photo/Mark Humphrey)

NASHVILLE — As he prepares to leave office, Gov. Phil Bredesen says he successfully steered the state through crises such as TennCare while pushing long-term changes in areas like education that he believes broaden Tennesseans' expectations of what is possible.

"I think in education, people's minds are clearly in a different place today," the Democrat said in an interview last week with the Chattanooga Times Free Press. "And just in terms of a government operated smoothly and reasonably in a bipartisan method, I think we've accomplished that."

Bredesen, 67, ticks off the accomplishments of eight years in office:

• Education reform from prekindergarten through college graduation, including new teacher accountability;

• A focus on jobs — his administration claims 197,000 jobs created and $35 billion invested or announced;

• Reworking TennCare, the state's version of Medicaid, to control costs.

But Bredesen said the 2005 reform, which threw 170,000 adults out of the program, is one of his biggest regrets.

"I consider it my largest mistake from my time as governor," said Bredesen, a Harvard graduate who made millions by founding a managed-care company.

He still blames advocates for the poor for refusing to deal with him on reducing benefits for a program he feared would absorb all future tax growth.

In the end, he said, "I had to take a much blunter ax to the thing because it was literally bankrupting us."


Gov. Bredesen worked with state lawmakers in a variety of areas:

• TennCare: To control costs, battled advocates for the poor to cut some 170,000 adults from the rolls, saving hundreds of millions of dollars. Health and social service spending dropped from 47 cents per state tax dollar in fiscal 2004 to 27 cents today.

• Prekindergarten: Expanded a series of pilot projects to a statewide program serving some 18,000 4-year-olds.

• BEP 2.0: Revamped the state's Basic Education Program funding formula to make it fairer to urban areas including Hamilton County.

• School curriculum: Made high school curriculum better reflect demands of colleges and employers.

• Teacher accountability: Called special session where lawmakers enacted changes allowing student test scores to be part of teacher tenure and pay decisions.

• Promoting college graduation: Changed the higher-education funding formula to emphasize graduation rates and elevate the role of two-year community colleges.

• Job recruitment: Changed laws to offer more tax credits and job training. The administration estimates $34 billion in investments made or announced, an estimated 197,000 jobs created and some 50 corporate relocations.

• Land preservation: An estimated 350,000 acres preserved through purchases of land or easements aimed at preventing mining.

Attorney Gordon Bonnyman, executive director of the Tennessee Justice Center, said Bredesen spurned efforts to trim benefits instead of cutting enrollees.

"He treated the TennCare issues as if I and a few other advocates were willfully trying to damage his administration," Bonnyman said.

Tony Garr, who was head of the Tennessee Health Care Campaign in 2005, said Bredesen chose the most "draconian" option to rein in TennCare.

People died as a result, Garr said.

"We talked to people who lost family members during these cuts even though they [Bredesen administration] continued to deny it."

"One of our better governors"

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga political science professor Bob Swansbrough called Bredesen "one of our better governors," not least because of TennCare.

"I think he won a lot of applause from both Democrats and Republicans for bringing that under control again," Swansbrough said.

Former House Speaker Jimmy Naifeh, D-Covington, said Bredesen was an "excellent" governor.

"When he would tell you something, that's the way it went. He knew how to work with both Democrats and Republicans," Naifeh said.

Some Republicans don't think Bredesen, a fiscal conservative and social moderate, did too badly either.

New House Majority Leader Gerald McCormick, R-Chattanooga, said Bredesen helped Hamilton County when he reconfigured funding for the state's Basic Education Program, "which was to our advantage and will be for years to come."

He credited Bredesen's administration for efforts that helped persuade Volkswagen to build a $1 billion auto assembly plant in Chattanooga and bring a $1.45 billion German polysilicon plant to Bradley County. The Wacker Chemical plant will produce a key component of solar panels.

"The state went above and beyond and, I think, corrected an age-old impression in Southeast Tennessee that we'd been a stepchild over the years," McCormick said.

Bredesen said he tried to push clusters of development in fields such as the auto industry and green energy that would benefit the state in the future.

Senate Speaker Ron Ramsey, R-Blountville, said he and Bredesen "got along great."

"There were times that we disagreed. When we did, I think we disagreed agreeably," he said.

Some point out Bredesen's eight years haven't been entirely free of scandal. Top leaders at the Safety Department were forced to resign over improper promotions during his first term.

State and federal law enforcement officials now are looking at whether Bredesen's former revenue commissioner, Reagan Farr, appropriately handled tax settlements.

And questions have been raised about a solar energy company started by Bredesen's economic and community development commissioner, Matt Kisber, and Farr. Bredesen is a major investor in the firm.

Pushing education change

Bredesen said he thinks his major achievements "have been primarily in the area of conservation — the big one would be education — and then also in just trying to reposition and re-energize the economic aspects of what we were doing."

Early this year he called a special legislative session to pass reforms that led to Tennessee getting the first award, $500 million, in the federal Race to the Top competition.

"I think we were not preparing our children properly for the kind of world they were going to face, and we were lying to them about it," Bredesen said.

Jerry Winters with the Tennessee Education Association, the state's largest teachers' union, said Bredesen "has raised the bar for the state of Tennessee."

In a speech last week, Bredesen said he would consider his tenure successful "if the people of Tennessee have higher expectations ... of what we can achieve in the state."

"And you know, time will tell on that," he said.

about Andy Sher...

Andy Sher is a Nashville-based staff writer covering Tennessee state government and politics for the Times Free Press. A Washington correspondent from 1999-2005 for the Times Free Press, Andy previously headed up state Capitol coverage for The Chattanooga Times, worked as a state Capitol reporter for The Nashville Banner and was a contributor to The Tennessee Journal, among other publications. Andy worked for 17 years at The Chattanooga Times covering police, health care, county government, ...

Comments do not represent the opinions of the Chattanooga Times Free Press, nor does it review every comment. Profanities, slurs and libelous remarks are prohibited. For more information you can view our Terms & Conditions and/or Ethics policy.
maryrush said...

I was told by a friend that something called "Wise Health Insurance" is offering health insurance plans starting just $1 a day. That is some thing we all can agree.

December 19, 2010 at 1:25 a.m.
tgarr2001 said...

Governor Bredesen continues to spin the truth. TennCare's cost were less than 30ç per state tax dollar at the times of the cuts. They never ever approached 47 cents per state tax dollar. It would help if Governor Bredesen and his staff would deal with the facts.

Quote from the article: "• TennCare: To control costs, battled advocates for the poor to cut some 170,000 adults from the rolls, saving hundreds of millions of dollars. Health and social service spending dropped from 47 cents per state tax dollar in fiscal 2004 to 27 cents today."

A report conducted by the Comptroller of Tennessee, , reported that what Governor Bredesen really did was shift health care costs somewhere else. He did nothing to curve health care costs. Hospitals and families ate most of these cuts. It also shows that the governor gave up millions of federal matching dollars instead of providing care to poor working families.

The program that the Governor created, CoverTN (state only funds), to replace the federal funds was projected to cover over 100,000 people. Today, the state is spending millions of state dollars and covering less than 20,000 people. This program has taught us many lessons. One of which is that this program has been a flop.

We forget that the Governor is not an expert of health policy. Before he became governor, he was an expert on making money from the health care system. He became a multi-millionaire. He knew how to make money from the system, not cover low-income working people. He is not an expert on how to create health policy that will work for the working poor, the largest group of people who are uninsured. These are the people whom he cut off.

December 19, 2010 at 9:03 a.m.
please login to post a comment

Other National Articles

videos »         

photos »         

e-edition »

400 East 11th St., Chattanooga, TN 37403
General Information (423) 756-6900
Copyright, Permissions, Terms & Conditions, Privacy Policy, Ethics policy - Copyright ©2014, Chattanooga Publishing Company, Inc. All rights reserved.
This document may not be reprinted without the express written permission of Chattanooga Publishing Company, Inc.