published Tuesday, May 10th, 2011

The Homeless

about Clay Bennett...

The son of a career army officer, Bennett led a nomadic life, attending ten different schools before graduating in 1980 from the University of North Alabama with degrees in Art and History. After brief stints as a staff artist at the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette and the Fayetteville (NC) Times, he went on to serve as the editorial cartoonist for the St. Petersburg Times (1981-1994) and The Christian Science Monitor (1997-2007), before joining the staff of the ...

Comments do not represent the opinions of the Chattanooga Times Free Press, nor does it review every comment. Profanities, slurs and libelous remarks are prohibited. For more information you can view our Terms & Conditions and/or Ethics policy.
bret said...

Oooh, to the bone with that one!

May 10, 2011 at 12:07 a.m.
trburrows said...


May 10, 2011 at 12:14 a.m.
nucanuck said...

Should homeless people have been aborted?

May 10, 2011 at 2:30 a.m.
twharr said...

Ouch! Good one Clay. Let the blog battle begin.

May 10, 2011 at 6:26 a.m.
AndrewLohr said...

Jesus saw the non-libertarians being 'generous' and 'taking care of the poor.' He saw a housing inspector telling a poor family, Your place is condemned; find someplace else to live. He saw a vice president giving away $4000 from an income of $400,000. He saw a president giving away $2,300,000,000,000 that the president had taken from other people, and $1,400,000,000,000 that he had not yet taken but promised to take in the future. And He saw a worker giving 2 hours' wages to a lady to put a roof over a bum's head. (The bum said he had a job starting next week.)
I'll show them real, personal generosity, Jesus said--true love--and died for the sins of... And power, He said, and rose up alive on the third day. He's a good lawyer; hire Him.

May 10, 2011 at 6:33 a.m.
JeffersonLives said...

"Of all the preposterous assumptions of humanity over humanity, nothing exceeds most of the criticisms made on the habits of the poor by the well-housed, well-warmed, and well-fed." - Herman Melville

May 10, 2011 at 7:38 a.m.
mountainlaurel said...

I’ve always found that people tend to be more compassionate and less judgemental when they know someone’s story. Everyone knows the story of the families who were left homeless by the tornado, but very few people know the real story of the families who became homeless for other reasons. The stories of these people are seldom heard, and, as such, society just fills in the blanks so to speak – often by self serving politicians whose motives are less than honorable.

May 10, 2011 at 7:44 a.m.
blackwater48 said...


Mountainlaurel pointed out, "I’ve always found that people tend to be more compassionate and less judgemental when they know someone’s story."

That's true. Walk a mile in my shoes and all that. It reminded me of an article I read this morning about the Florida legislature, but I sure it is not unique to the sunshine state.

Check it out if you have a few minutes. It was written by one of my favorite political writers, Howard Troxler.

May 10, 2011 at 8:54 a.m.
SeaMonkey said...

you can't cultivate an atmosphere in which success is punished and the private sector is looked upon as the enemy and not expect the homeless/poor to not feel the repercussions

donations are down because people are in survival mode.......thanks to obama.

obama is clueless about cause and effect....he's been insulated and up until running for office spent most of his life in academia and surrounded by marxists and anti-americans who hate captialism.

the private sector is under siege while those who work for the government are doing pretty damn well....

americans are the most generous people on earth...despite what liberal ***holes like brad pitt sate....but, since obama has been office donations have been down and homelessness is on the rise. 25% of homes are "underwater"....obama has been a wrecking ball to our economy and has done major damage to the homeless and the poor.

May 10, 2011 at 8:56 a.m.
moonpie said...

ML, you're right. Seeing someone as a human being with an individual story is very different than looking at humans on paper, in theory, as they should be etc....

I think that's why we see so many people act one way in public life and another in private life. (The pro-lifer who gets an abortion or supports one for their daughter, the preacher or morally correct person who has an affair, the gay basher who turns out to have lots of homosexual lovers, Rush and prior bashing of drug abusers before his arrest.) I wonder how Dick Cheney would react toward Gay Marriage if one of his daughters were not a lesbian. His views on this are an outlier in his concervative belief system.

Personal experience explains a lot of inconsistency.

I'm ok with hypocrites because their hypocrisy is often their only door to seeing another way.

May 10, 2011 at 8:58 a.m.
Rivieravol said...

Why am I not surprised that Bennett can't differentiate between someone who works for a living and his home is destroyed by a natural disaster and a parasite who lives off of others.

Typical liberal bedwetter.

May 10, 2011 at 9:21 a.m.
BigRidgePatriot said...

Progressives have been trying to replace real charity and family with the false, destructive philanthropy of big government for decades. Although the advertised goal was to improve the plight of the disadvantaged it has not. It has only spread misery and created a directionless dependent class.

bennett the simple minded cartoonist thinks the people who are managing to be successful in system that rewards lack of achievement should be on the front of our minds. The ones we should be worrying about are the progressive bedwetters that have confiscated untold trillions of dollars in the name of fixing a problem they have only exacerbated.

And the federal government is going to have to raise the debt ceiling when, by how much, and who is trying to curb the spending? These questions should be on the very front of our minds while the likes of bennett try to distract us with bin laden, county commissioners and class envy. It is pretty hard for a weak minded ideologue like bennett to engage the spending questions because “his side” looks very, very bad on this most important issue facing us today.

May 10, 2011 at 9:53 a.m.

mountainlaurel said...

"I’ve always found that people tend to be more compassionate and less judgemental when they know someone’s story. Everyone knows the story of the families who were left homeless by the tornado, but very few people know the real story of the families who became homeless for other reasons. The stories of these people are seldom heard, and, as such, society just fills in the blanks so to speak – often by self serving politicians whose motives are less than honorable."

That's an important point. We don’t hear their stories because we’ve allowed politicians to sucker a great country into thinking that a great, compassionate society requires a middle man. The public seldom hears the real stories because politicians and the homeless industry insist on serving as middle men. The public’s conscience is appeased, politicians can run on a platform of compassion, the compassion industry receive their grants and donations, the underlying problems aren’t addressed and the tragic stories become tragic sagas.

Washing your hands of the problem because you recognize the failure of the welfare state is not acceptable either. Forget politics. Stop manipulating the homeless for partisan purposes. Find a group where “helping” requires getting to know homeless individuals and families personally. Know their names, become a part of their stories, be willing to listen to and learn from them.

The word “compassion” means to “suffer with.” Compassion is organic, local, and redemptive. Impersonal programs where people write checks or pull a lever in the voting booth to appease their consciences don’t work. The programs that work are those that connect people in need to one another and to the larger story of the world’s redemption.

Relief and redevelopment for victims of the tornado disaster has been overwhelmingly compassionate, and faith communities have led the way. Let’s hope that it conditions us to continue pouring ourselves out to address the relational devastation that often accompanies people who become homeless.

May 10, 2011 at 10:12 a.m.
BigRidgePatriot said...

When I last visited Germany we went to a restaurant in Frankfurt that served massive portions of ham, sauerkraut, potatoes and apple wine on big, long tables that reminded me of picnic tables. Hardly anyone was able to finish their meal.

When you went to the back you sometimes could see them taking leftovers out the back door to a crowd of (homeless?) people at the service entrance. Dang, I thought all of that social order was supposed to take care of these problems? It looked to me like it was private enterprise that was providing the meals that night.

I think it is illegal to provide the backdoor meal like that in the US. Restaurants are forced to throw leftovers out and the homeless get to dumpster dive. This is one more example of government getting involved not to make things better for the disadvantage but to centralize the management of the dependent class and keep them voting for the right people. You can never allow a bum to figure out that his best friend might be a business owner or a church member instead of his case worker, can never allow a good crisis to go to waste.

May 10, 2011 at 10:16 a.m.
whatsnottaken said...

Agree 100%. If you are homeless through an "Act of God," you should get help. If you're homeless because you're a lazy bum, you get nothing. I'm glad you see it my way Bennett. Good job.

May 10, 2011 at 10:28 a.m.
lkeithlu said...

Whoa, folks-a large percentage of homeless folks are mentally ill, usually psychotic. Not people that many churches are trained and equipped to deal with (half of the prison population also meets this criteria) They get paranoid, stop taking their meds (if they were ever getting them in the first place-these mental illnesses come on in late adolescence/early adulthood), and slip into a world of their own. They can't hold jobs, pay rent, cook for themselves, keep a car or license. While insurance companies cap their mental health coverage at a very low amount, or stop offering it altogether, these people don't get the regular care that they need. This sounds harsh, but the lucky ones commit crimes so that they are housed, medicated, fed and clothed for years at a time; many commit new crimes on release so that they can return to jail. Jails, in fact, have taken the place of mental hospitals in this country, serving as a repository for those that decades ago with be hospitalized at varying levels of security, warehoused to spend their lives in a safe environment far from the rest of us.

These are NOT people that are pleasant or easy to manage, and they for the most part are not easy to return to productivity without a very labor-intensive setting staffed by trained personnel. This is not something many private foundations and religious groups can't do without government help because it is expensive and long term.

Learn the facts about homelessness before you pass judgment.

May 10, 2011 at 10:41 a.m.
nucanuck said...

Why are efforts to mitigate homelessness being treated here as a political issue?

Should a helping hand be extended by individuals?...of businesses?...of churches...of government?...of course.

We may not be able to prevent homelessness, but neither should we turn away.

May 10, 2011 at 10:47 a.m.
potcat said...

Having been homeless, drug addicted and scared beyond words, i can tell you that the streets are a very dangerous place to be. This was in the 80s, i was young, white and over my head.My family tried to help, Rehab, Reahab, Rehab. I was raped and almost killed several times.

I finally found another drug addict, that could work and had a home, so i lived with him for 12 yrs. It was abusive, but i was off the streets.

They are many reasons people are homeless, i guess you could say mine was self inflicted, but i was so strung out on Herion and sick i could not see a way out.

I got sober, after extensive treatment and will be sober 10 yrs June 10th. I have married, we just had our 7th. anniversary, work AA, NA, i work my prolem deligently and am very happy.

I don't know if this was a good idea telling this thread about this, but i know one thing for sure, secrets make you sick, as my wonderful Husband says, you are a open book and some things you need to keep things to yourself. Believe me, i have, but untill youv'e been there....

May 10, 2011 at 11:02 a.m.
lkeithlu said...

Congratulations, potcat. You've walked a tough road.

May 10, 2011 at 11:24 a.m.
pmcauley said...

The problem with people who complain about "those" people who "freeload" is they don't realize their usually one job away from being one of "those" people. If we as a society cultivate compassion it is actually in our own best interests.

I'm glad potcat got over her problems and I know, thankfully not from direct experience, that it must have been incredibly hard. No one WANTS to be poor and homeless. Show compassion and ultimately we'll have more tax payers and a better society. The cost of not being compassionate is crime, poverty and most of the societal problems.

MY POINT: Be selfish: show compassion.


May 10, 2011 at 11:26 a.m.
mountainlaurel said...

Whatsnottaken said: “If you are homeless through an "Act of God," you should get help. If you're homeless because you're a lazy bum, you get nothing. I'm glad you see it my way Bennett."

And homeless military veterans, Whatsnottaken? Statistics show that they comprise about one third of the adult homeless population. Are they lazy bums in your book?

Why are veterans homeless?

In addition to the complex set of factors influencing all homelessness – extreme shortage of affordable housing, livable income and access to health care – a large number of displaced and at-risk veterans live with lingering effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance abuse, which are compounded by a lack of family and social support networks.

Doesn’t VA take care of homeless veterans?

To a certain extent, yes. VA’s specialized homeless programs served more than 92,000 veterans in 2009, which is highly commendable. This still leaves well over 100,000 more veterans, however, who experience homelessness annually . . . In its November 2007 "Vital Mission" report, the National Alliance to End Homelessness estimated that up to about half a million veterans have characteristics that put them in danger of homelessness. These veterans may require supportive services outside the scope of most VA homeless programs.

What services do veterans need?

Veterans need a coordinated effort that provides secure housing, nutritional meals, basic physical health care, substance abuse care and aftercare, mental health counseling, personal development and empowerment. Additionally, veterans need job assessment, training and placement assistance. NCHV strongly believes that all programs to assist homeless veterans must focus on helping them obtain and sustain employment.

What seems to work best?

The most effective programs for homeless and at-risk veterans are community-based, nonprofit, “veterans helping veterans” groups. Programs that seem to work best feature transitional housing with the camaraderie of living in structured, substance-free environments with fellow veterans who are succeeding at bettering themselves.

May 10, 2011 at 11:39 a.m.
BigRidgePatriot said...

nucanuck said... "Why are efforts to mitigate homelessness being treated here as a political issue?"

Because when the government gets too involved, actively attempts to displace other mitigating factors, and does it all badly with taxpayer money it becomes a political issue.

Is that not obvious?

May 10, 2011 at 11:40 a.m.
nucanuck said...


Who decides the proper level of involvement for any entity, government or otherwise? Beating up government has become too easy a target, while government is really our elected neighbors collectively.

May 10, 2011 at 12:09 p.m.
potcat said...

AA,Na and Alanon are not charities.

May 10, 2011 at 12:22 p.m.
BigRidgePatriot said...

nucanuck said... "Who decides the proper level of involvement for any entity, government or otherwise?"

I wish we could start from the Constitution and the original Bill of Rights and then very carefully decide the role of federal government through Constitutional Ammendments. The federal government should have an extremely limited role in this area and should defer to the States.

I am not saying that is the way it is, but firmly believe we would have a better outcome if it was done that way. States could compete with 50 different systems that would be compared and adopted as seen fit.

May 10, 2011 at 12:41 p.m.
ITguy said...

Congratulations to PotCat! Thanks for sharing your story. I am sure that many people would be more compassionate if they knew the truth about the people they meet each day.

There have been some excellent comments here today. I have posted in the past my opinion that Republicans live by a guiding myth that the poor are lazy and the rich are hard working and deserving. The truth is not quite that simple. Last week's tornadoes should make us all aware of the fact that everything can be blown away in a heartbeat. We are all one storm away from poverty.

What many people fail to realize is that our social safety nets were created because the private charities were unable to meet the demand for services. One reason for this is that as unemployment increases, demand for services increases and donations decrease. It is simple if you think about it. If I lose my job, I will stop making donations to charity and will start seeking help. A major reason for the large increases in the deficit during the last two years is the tanked economy.

If our government was responsible (is responsible government an oxymoron?) we would build surpluses in good times and run deficits in bad times. Unfortunately we cut taxes in good times, and then cut them again to stimulate the economy during bad times.

May 10, 2011 at 1:29 p.m.
SeaMonkey said...

"government is really our elected neighbors colletively" well..isn't that cozy and warm and hell it is........our government is nothing like that's packed with entrenched, faceless beurocrats who have an agenda and many corrupt entities . todays governments are overreaching and thuggish. it's been kicked up into a higher gear in the last two years under obama.

you libs in the previous forum whined about how it's not about abortion, but family planning.. of has become about abortion.......the government has no business being involved in many other things........

it's gotten to the point where elections don't matter's a self-sustaining juggernaut that does what it wants regardless of the will of the people. it's about controlling nearly every aspect of our lives....any denial of that is fantasy..........................democrats and republicans come and go, but the people they appoint stay in d.c. and keep the juggernaut moving.

nearly every damn thing is a political issue because it nearly always involves the loss of freedom and rights. homelessness is as political as it gets.........under bush the media bitched about it constantly...when obama came in it stopped...the fact is there's more homelessness now than when bush was in office....nearly every damn thing is a political issue, no matter how small, because the government is making it one.

May 10, 2011 at 1:43 p.m.

Congrats Potcat and great post pmcauley

May 10, 2011 at 2:20 p.m.
BigRidgePatriot said...

Quite a bit more interesting than anything clay will ever come up with. Does our media feel obligated to downplay extremist Muslim influences?

May 10, 2011 at 2:21 p.m.
MTJohn said...

Andrew - Jesus told the rich, young man to sell all that he had and give it to the poor. How does that apply to this conversation?

May 10, 2011 at 2:52 p.m.

The torando-stricken are being helped primarily by the local churches and local community groups. If you want proof, then check the TFP and the pages of those providing assistance.

It's churches, the Red Cross, Salvation Army, other local community groups and some corporate charity. No sign of the atheists, ACORN, Weather Underground, or Black Panthers helping out.

May 10, 2011 at 3:04 p.m.
lkeithlu said...

Bookie, atheists are not a "group". Nice try. There are probably atheists in all the groups you mentioned, even the Salvation Army. This country does not reward folks being open about their doubts, so they keep them to themselves.

May 10, 2011 at 3:17 p.m.
canarysong said...

Wow! So many good posts today! Mountainlaurel, nucanuck, lkiethlu, pmcauly, and of course, your moving story, potcat.

Besides disaster victims, veterans, the mentally ill, and addicts, there are those who end up homeless after losing their jobs and their savings to catastrophic illness. I have known dozens of these people, sometimes families with children. Not everyone is fortunate enough to have family members to turn to in a crisis. Those that just wanted to 'be taken care of on some else's dime' have been a very small minority in this group.

There is an informal network of people (usually organized around support groups) that will take in some of these people, sometimes for a few days, sometimes for a year or more. I have taken in strangers through this system myself a few times. One young woman I know (with a master's degree) slept on someone's dining room floor for almost a year until she was able to secure housing. A couple we know has provided shelter for so many people over the years that they started keeping a 'guest book'; it is filled with names of people from every imaginable background. This couple (devout evangelicals) are loved like family by those they have helped. Another couple that we know (atheists) turned over their multi-million dollar home for four months (while they were away for the summer) to a homeless couple that they barely knew. Incredible generosity is out there, but unfortunately it is far outstripped by need.

May 10, 2011 at 3:32 p.m.
canarysong said...


What a bigoted load of BS! Every atheist that I know donates generously to disaster relief funds. Atheists have a long history of being active on social justice issues, including helping the poor, they just don't do it under the banner of 'atheism'. Since an estimated 16% to 20% of Americans are atheists, you are surrounded by us almost everyplace you go. Oooooh, scary, huh?

BTW, the Weather Underground dissolved decades ago; it looks like the propaganda you've been reading is REALLY old! Are you saying that they should have started the organization up again in order to help out with tornado relief? LOL!

May 10, 2011 at 3:44 p.m.
Momus said...

Yeah Bookie! Where is the Klan, Aryan nation and the Tea party? Fair and Balanced!

May 10, 2011 at 3:52 p.m.
mtngrl said...

hey Bookie, you left FEMA out of that list of those helping....

May 10, 2011 at 3:55 p.m.
HiDef said...


I'm an atheist and I was in Ringold two days after the storm helping a very devoutly evangelical co-worker get tarps put on what was left of his roof. See, some of us are mature enough to lay our differences aside when tragedies occur. By the way, I also have a bi-monthly allotment out of my paycheck that goes directly to the USO which I started it after I separated from the military years ago.

May 10, 2011 at 5:07 p.m.
dude_abides said...

*Only five red findings — the most severe ranking the agency gives to problems uncovered in its inspections — have been issued nationwide in the past decade.

The Browns Ferry plant has three nuclear reactors near Athens, Ala., and is operated by the Tennessee Valley Authority about 100 miles southwest of Chattanooga. The plant is a similar design to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant in Japan that was thrown into nuclear crisis after a 9.0 earthquake and tsunami left its six reactors without cooling water.

*After building gyms and defending child molesters, the churches don't have enough left to help the poor.

*Potcat is a winner, and should be proud of it.

May 10, 2011 at 7:09 p.m.
SavartiTN said...

Those who demean the homeless need to check the facts. Here's a link to the National Coalition for the Homeless:

In today's economy, there are millions of people...including families...who have become homeless. Some of you on this board may be just a paycheck or two away from a disaster. Think about it. Don't judge.

May 10, 2011 at 7:33 p.m.
fairmon said...

Helping in a time of need like the tornado is not limited to any ethnic or belief group which is as it should be. People from all walks of life responded unselfishly. Those few that were looting and pilfering should be shot on sight.

There are areas where local and state governments could and should play a role where there are disabled and mentally ill involved. The territory and administrative challenge is simply too much for a federal program to be efficient and effective. I am convinced some people use the government to appease their conscience and to justify their selfishness. It is amazing how the smaller community churches responded with manpower and sweat time while the Cathedral builders thought they were doing great when they invited some people with lost or damaged homes to a meal or two.

How many of those advocating a do all for all government have ever helped cook and serve at the Community Kitchen? How many have handled the phones all night at the battered women's shelter? How many have volunteered to drive a food bank truck or assist Carta transporting people from an elder care facility? How many have ever volunteered to assist meals on wheels? How many objected to the Mayor's plan to erect a shelter for the homeless but applauded the Arts and Crafts position at a couple mil a year budget so we could have ugly sculptures across the city? Have you ever visited the Salvation Army and understood just how much they do with the limited resources they have and how effectively they use money?

Have you expressed your support for veterans? Have you advocated with your congressman a better release process with counseling and adjusting to society and assistance getting a good education?

I admired the mayor of Nashville and the governor when Nashville had the flood a year ago. Their response was we can handle out own problems and we don't really want the federal government doing it. The community including several successful entertainers and those from other cities had things moving back to normal in short order.

We keep expanding the dependent element of society without a plan to assist them in becoming a productive tax paying member again. Could it be the administrators, maybe some politicians see it as job security if the need never goes away? What would happen if we were allowed to reduce our income taxes by up to 20% of taxes due if we donate to an eligible charity? Most charities put over 80 cents of each dollar to a charitable effort while the government is not over 50% when all admin cost are considered.

May 10, 2011 at 7:34 p.m.
moonpie said...

Gosh Harp,

The way you write I'd think FEMA didn't help and wasn't neededor allowed in Nashville.

I guess it takes more than millions of dollars in federal aid to impress you.

May 10, 2011 at 9:21 p.m.
AndrewLohr said...

MTJohn--was that "Give to the poor" or "Give to the tax collector"? Was that "Sell all you have, and give to the poor" or "Tax all other people have, and give to the bureaucrats"? Jesus, I mentioned, gave his own life (which was more than He required of the rich young ruler): he was generous himself, personally--and in ways specific to whomever He was dealing with and to each's particular story.

On average, liberals tend to give less of their own money than conservatives; our Vice President tends to give around 1%. Our President gives a slightly higher percentage (except when he gave away the Nobel money). Giving away tax dollars is a wholly bogus form of generosity. Rich people taking choices away from poor people is another bogus form (cf. Melville quote above.)

Compassion: the use of tax money to buy votes. Insensitivity: objecting to the use of tax money to buy votes. (From a Thomas Sowell column a couple decades back.)

May 10, 2011 at 9:45 p.m.
mountainlaurel said...


Admirable and uplifting story. . . Congratulations.

May 10, 2011 at 10:26 p.m.
mountainlaurel said...

BigRidgePatriot said: I wish we could start from the Constitution and the original Bill of Rights and then very carefully decide the role of federal government through Constitutional Ammendments. The federal government should have an extremely limited role in this area and should defer to the States.

Can't say that I share your confidence here, BigRidgePatriot. Lets face it, some States have a very poor track record when it comes to honoring the civil rights of its residents.

May 10, 2011 at 10:35 p.m.
MTJohn said...

Andrew - Our Lord's words speak to us who confess that Jesus is Lord. They are not benchmarks by which we judge others. In addition to Jesus' admonition to the rich, young man, we also know that Jehovah commanded a temple tax - the purpose of which was to care for the poor, the widows and the orphans.

May 10, 2011 at 11:49 p.m.
fairmon said...

MoonPie, Enlighten me on FEMA help in Nashville. The government did arrange some low interest loans which people will pay back. What else did they do in Nashville that was significant?

May 11, 2011 at 12:22 a.m.
fairmon said...


Was the temple tax what is known as tithes that churches use to build their cathedrals where they socialize with each other? How many, I know some do, help the poor, the widows and orphans?

May 11, 2011 at 12:26 a.m.
MTJohn said...

Harp - I didn't live in Jerusalem 3000 years ago. But, if we can believe the prophets (in this case, I think Amos might be the most relevant, it is reasonable to conclude that greed clouds human judgement today in much the same way that it clouded judgment then.

And, please understand my purpose for the Scripture references in this thread. Andrew consistently tries to remake Jesus in a Libertarian image. I disagree and I referenced passages that he might have overlooked when he came to that conclusion.

May 11, 2011 at 6:27 a.m.

"Ok, but if you're homeless because of a tornato".

LOL.......if i was in that postion and he said that to me i would have said yes just to make a ass out of the jerk.

Clay that is what you call good classic homeless humor.

May 14, 2011 at 3:24 p.m.

I sure would love to have a mint chip favored Moonpie with a coke-a-cola right now.

May 14, 2011 at 3:29 p.m.
please login to post a comment

videos »         

photos »         

e-edition »


Find a Business

400 East 11th St., Chattanooga, TN 37403
General Information (423) 756-6900
Copyright, Permissions, Terms & Conditions, Privacy Policy, Ethics policy - Copyright ©2014, Chattanooga Publishing Company, Inc. All rights reserved.
This document may not be reprinted without the express written permission of Chattanooga Publishing Company, Inc.