published Monday, May 14th, 2012

Civil War experts gather in Chattanooga to discuss crucial battles

Jim Ogden, left, Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park historian, points out a location on a map to a group of Civil War historians Saturday during a tour of key historical Civil War sites in the Chattanooga National Cemetery and Orchard Knob.
Jim Ogden, left, Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park historian, points out a location on a map to a group of Civil War historians Saturday during a tour of key historical Civil War sites in the Chattanooga National Cemetery and Orchard Knob.
Photo by Ashlee Culverhouse.

A dozen historical experts on the western half of the Civil War met in Chattanooga last week to discuss research on the conflict and walk the historic sites themselves.

John Marszalek, a retired history professor at Mississippi State University, co-founded the Historians of the Civil War Western Theater with Michael Ballard as an informal way for published historians to share ideas and research on the war.

Marszalek and others in the group said Chattanooga's upcoming battle anniversaries offer the public a unique connection to significant history near their homes.

"When you talk about the Civil War, Chattanooga was a key area," Marszalek said. "The battles were absolutely crucial. They opened the door to the entire South."

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga professor Kit Rushing said most of the war's battles in the East were well-documented because journalists and photographers easily could travel by rail to the sites.

But the western theater, which includes Tennessee, Georgia and Mississippi, didn't get as much press, even though the battles were critical to how the war developed and eventually ended.

In June 2013, the 150th anniversary -- or sesquicentennial -- of the Civil War battles fought in the Chattanooga and North Georgia areas begins. Union campaigns in Tullahoma, Tenn., in June 1863 led to later battles at Chattanooga and Chickamauga, and at Kennesaw Mountain in Georgia, before troops reached Atlanta.

On Saturday, the historian group toured Chattanooga National Cemetery, established to bury war dead during the battles, and Orchard Knob and Missionary Ridge with Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park historian Jim Ogden.

Kennesaw State University professor Brian Wills said historians and Civil War enthusiasts from around the world will travel to this area for the anniversaries.

"The eyes of the country, the eyes of the world, will be on us," Wills said.

He encouraged locals not to miss opportunities to see the sites firsthand.

"Nothing substitutes for going to the ground," he said. "Go to the battlefields of Chickamauga, what you're able to see in Chattanooga, then follow the Atlanta campaign to Kennesaw and on to Atlanta."

Though study of the war and its effects is a daily passion for those in the association, the anniversary gives wider exposure for the scholars to share their zeal for the period.

Marszalek said Civil War historians love to play "what if?" and Chattanooga provides a lot of "what-if?" opportunities.

One notable historical figure among many began his ascension with the battles of the Scenic City.

"He gains his reputation in Mississippi at Vicksburg, but then what he does here at Chattanooga really firms that up," Marszalek said. "There wouldn't have been a [Ulysses S.] Grant without Chattanooga."

about Todd South...

Todd South covers courts, poverty, technology, military and veterans for the Times Free Press. He has worked at the paper since 2008 and previously covered crime and safety in Southeast Tennessee and North Georgia. Todd’s hometown is Dodge City, Kan. He served five years in the U.S. Marine Corps and deployed to Iraq before returning to school for his journalism degree from the University of Georgia. Todd previously worked at the Anniston (Ala.) Star. Contact ...

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