NEW YORK — Trading in the Nasdaq, a major stock exchange dominated by the biggest names in technology, was halted shortly after midday today due to a technical glitch. Full trading was set to resume later today.
Other exchanges were operating normally, and stocks rose slightly.
The disruption sent brokers scurrying to figure out what went wrong and raised new questions about the pitfalls of computer-driven stock trading.
Today's Nasdaq freeze echoed earlier stock market snafus, such the sudden plunge in stocks in May 2010 that came to be known as the "flash crash" and the glitch-plagued initial public offering of Facebook last year.
The exchange sent out an alert to traders shortly after noon EDT saying that trading was being halted until further notice because of problems with a quote dissemination system. Later, Nasdaq said it would resume trading in phases in the afternoon, with full trading expected to restart around 3:25 p.m. EDT.
Nasdaq said it wouldn't be canceling any open orders, but that customers could cancel orders if they wanted to.
Securities and Exchange Commission spokesman John Nester said: "We are monitoring the situation and are in close contact with the exchanges."
The Nasdaq composite index was stuck at 3,631.17, up 31.38 for the day. The index is up 20 percent so far this year.
The days of stock brokers in colorful jackets, roaming the floor of the stock exchange, are fading. Now, powerful computer programs dominate trading by sifting through reams of data and executing trades in fractions of a second. That makes trading faster and, arguably, more efficient. But it also introduces more possibilities for errors that can jolt the entire market.
Last year, BATS Global Markets tried to go public on its own exchange but had to back out after a computer error sent the stock price plunging to just pennies. Facebook's public offering last spring was also error-riddled, as technical problems kept many investors from knowing if their trades had gone through and left some holding unwanted shares. And in April, the Chicago Board Options Exchange shut down for a morning because of a software problem.
And all that's to say nothing of the 2010 "flash crash," where the Dow Jones industrial average fell hundreds of points in minutes before eventually closing 348 points lower. It was one of the first major blips that brought the potential dangers of computer-driven, high-frequency trading into the public sphere.
"One of the things that we learned from the 'flash crash' ... is that it's better to stop trading and re-open in a fair and orderly manner than it is to have messy trading," James Angel, a finance professor at Georgetown University who specializes in the structure and regulation of financial markets, said.
"I think people are so used to the fact that every once in a while the power goes out and a computer crashes," Angel said. "As long as the trading is fair and orderly I don't think that's going to deter people from investing."
Trading glitches can also change fortunes. A technical bug spelled the end for Knight Capital as a stand-alone company, and marred its long-held reputation as a stellar risk manager, after it sent the stocks of dozens of companies swinging wildly on Aug. 1 last year. It also left Knight, which takes orders from big brokers like TD Ameritrade and E-Trade, on the hook for many of the stocks that its computers accidentally ordered. Knight teetered near bankruptcy and this summer was taken over by the high-speed trading firm Getco.