HEALTH PLAN ENROLLMENTS
* 151,352 - Enrollees in one of marketplace exchange plans
* 53,665 - Change in Medicaid enrollment
* 316,543 - Enrollees in one of marketplace exchange plans
* 98,834 - Change in Medicaid
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Blue or red, a majority of states have exceeded their health care sign-up targets under President Barack Obama's law — something that would have been hard to imagine after last fall's botched rollout of insurance markets.
But the administration's final numbers, released Thursday, also expose shortcomings, including subpar enrollment among Hispanics, the nation's largest minority group and also its least insured.
In Tennessee, 151,352 persons signed up for individual coverage through one of the new health care exchanges created by the Affordable Care Act during the six-months signup period. Eighty percent of those got some type of financial assistance to help make such plans more affordable and one third of those signing up were under the age of 35.
Another 53,665 persons signed up for TennCare during the period.
"I think these numbers are great and show that people want affordable health care even in the face of widespread criticism of hurdles put forth by those opposed to the new law," said Walter Davis, executive director of the Tennessee Health Care Campaign, which supported so-called ObamaCare. "I only wish the state would have participated in the Medicaid expansion so far more people could have had access to better health coverage plans."
Specific plan and local figures for enrollment are not yet available, but the overwhelming share of Tennesseans signing up for the new health exchanges appear to have bought plans offered by the Chattanooga-based BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee.
An analysis of enrollment by the Associated Press showed that a late surge in signups this spring doubled enrollment in Georgia where more than 400,000 Georgians signed up for either a health exchange plan or Medicaid coverage in the past six months.
Such signups indicate that the health care law is making inroads around the country, even as Republicans insist repealing "Obamacare" will be a winning issue in the fall congressional elections. An Associated Press analysis of the government numbers found that 31 states met or exceeded enrollment targets set by the administration before the insurance exchanges opened. Twenty of those are led by Republican governors, many of whom were hostile to the program.
The Health and Human Services Department said 8 million Americans chose a health plan through the new insurance markets in the first year of the historic health care overhaul. Some 4.8 million more gained coverage through Medicaid and children's insurance programs.
Not all of those who signed up have paid their premiums yet to begin receiving coverage and many of those who enrolled in the new health care exchanges may have previously had health insurance from employers who dropped coverage or had individual plans that didn't comply with ObamaCare requirements.
Nonetheless, Andy Hyman of the nonpartisan Robert Wood Johnson Foundation said "there is reason to be optimistic about what the law can deliver, both in terms of coverage and affordable insurance options.
"In time, it will become part of the bloodstream of our health care system," said Hyman, a senior program officer working to expand coverage.
With Republicans vowing to make the failures of the law a main theme of their midterm election push, the Obama administration will need to convince the public that it has been a success. A recent administration announcement of the 8 million sign-ups failed to move public opinion much, with negative views of the law more common than positive ones. But polls also have found that Americans don't want the law repealed, preferring that Congress work to improve it instead.
Younger and healthier than the U.S. population as a whole, Hispanics had been viewed as crucial to the success of Obama's coverage expansion. But the final count was disappointing. Hispanics account for 14.5 percent of those eligible for coverage on the new health insurance markets, but they represented 10.7 percent of the actual enrollees who also volunteered their race or ethnicity, the government reported.
Many Hispanics tried to get coverage but hit roadblocks, said Jane Delgado, president of the National Alliance for Hispanic Health, a nonpartisan advocacy network. The reasons are numerous: A Spanish version of the federal health care website was delayed and there was a shortage of in-person guides reaching out to Latinos.
For some mixed-status families, a fear of immigration authorities may have discouraged enrollment. Immigrants who are in the United States illegally cannot participate in the new health insurance system, but many have eligible relatives who are citizens or legal residents.
"This is only the first step in a long race," Delgado said. "Many people who are uninsured don't understand the language of insurance. Big media campaigns aren't as effective for actual enrollment as the one-on-one approach."
The new report didn't include information on how many of the newly enrolled have actually paid their insurance premiums. With grace periods for enrolling extending into mid-April, many who have signed up weren't obligated to pay until this week.
A report released Wednesday by House Republicans said 67 percent of people who had signed up through federal marketplaces had paid their first month's premiums as of April 15, far lower than payment rates reported by some individual insurers, which were more in the range of 85 percent or above.
White House press secretary Jay Carney said Thursday it was no surprise that GOP lawmakers who have voted to repeal the law would put out a downbeat report about the law's progress. He said official figures on paid premiums would come out when the complete data that is currently being compiled is ready. "I'm confident it's not going to be 67 percent. I don't know what it's going to be," Carney said.
Even though the administration is claiming huge successes, the Congressional Budget Office projects more than 40 million people will still be uninsured this year, and a more complete picture of who's still uninsured won't emerge until next year with the first results from large national surveys.
"Beyond a doubt, the number of uninsured Americans has fallen by millions. Whether it's 5 million or 15 million still isn't clear," said Larry Levitt, an expert on health insurance markets at the nonpartisan Kaiser Family Foundation. "The low enrollment among Latinos is an indication of where challenges still lie: the hard-to-reach groups where more outreach is probably needed."
Many of the underperforming states were those that had built their own online marketplaces. Massachusetts, which had served as a model for the Obama program, only signed up 31,695 people, far short of the goal of 250,000. Oregon, which met only 29 percent of its goal, recently decided to scrap its online marketplace and go with the federal portal.
The next enrollment period for private health insurance coverage for 2015 under the health law is scheduled to run Nov. 15 through Feb. 15.