MONTGOMERY, Ala. — Tears and expressions of grief met the opening of the nation's first memorial to the victims of lynching Thursday in Alabama.
Hundreds lined up in the rain to get a first look at the memorial and museum in Montgomery.
The National Memorial for Peace and Justice commemorates 4,400 black people who were slain in lynchings and other racial killings between 1877 and 1950. Their names, where known, are engraved on 800 dark, rectangular steel columns, one for each U.S. county where lynchings occurred.
A related museum, called The Legacy Museum: From Enslavement to Mass Incarceration, is opening in Montgomery.
Many visitors shed tears and stared intently at the commemorative columns, many of which are suspended in the air from above.
Toni Battle drove from San Francisco to attend. "I'm a descendant of three lynching victims," Battle said, her face wet with tears. "I wanted to come and honor them and also those in my family that couldn't be here."
Angel Smith Dixon, who is biracial, came from Lawrenceville, Ga., to see the memorial.
"We're publicly grieving this atrocity for the first time as a nation. ... You can't grieve something you can't see, something you don't acknowledge. Part of the healing process, the first step is to acknowledge it."
The Rev. Jesse Jackson, a longtime civil rights activist, told reporters after visiting the memorial that it would help to dispel America's silence on lynching.
"Whites wouldn't talk about it because of shame. Blacks wouldn't talk about it because of fear," he said.
The crowd included white and black visitors. Mary Ann Braubach, who is white, came from Los Angeles to attend. "As an American, I feel this is a past we have to confront," she said as she choked back tears.
Launch events include a "Peace and Justice Summit" featuring celebrities and activists like Ava DuVernay, Marian Wright Edelman and Gloria Steinem.
The summit, museum and memorial are projects of the Equal Justice Initiative, a Montgomery-based legal advocacy group founded by attorney Bryan Stevenson. Stevenson won a MacArthur "genius" award for his human rights work.
The group bills the project as "the nation's first memorial dedicated to the legacy of enslaved black people, people terrorized by lynching, African-Americans humiliated by racial segregation and Jim Crow, and people of color burdened with contemporary presumptions of guilt and police violence."
Several thousand people gave Stevenson a two-minute standing ovation at a morning session of the Peace and Justice Summit.
Later in the day, Edelman, founder of the Children's Defense Fund, urged the audience to continue their activism beyond the day's events on issues like ending child poverty and gun violence: "Don't come here and celebrate the museum ... when we're letting things happen on an even greater scale."
Newspaper apologizes for “shameful” coverage of lynchings
MONTGOMERY, Ala. — Alabama’s capital-city newspaper has published an apology for its “shameful” coverage of mob violence against African-Americans, delivering the message on the same day that the first memorial to America’s lynching victims opened.
The Montgomery Advertiser’s editorial published Thursday says “we were wrong” for “careless” and dehumanizing coverage of lynchings from the 1870s through the 1950s.
The newspaper was founded in 1829 and edited by a Confederate veteran after the Civil War.
Executive editor Bro Krift said the paper was “clearly complicit” for often assuming the victim was guilty of a crime and not holding the lynching perpetrators accountable.
Legal advocacy organization Equal Justice Initiative opened a memorial to victims of racial-terror lynchings Thursday. The organization identified about 4,400 victims nationwide, including more than 300 in Alabama, between 1877 and 1950.