A truck sits parked outside of the U.S. Xpress Enterprises building in Chattanooga, Tenn., in this 2011 staff file photo.

This story was updated Sept. 10, 2018, at 6:10 p.m. with more information.

In a pioneering bid to lure and keep more drivers behind the wheel of its trucks, U.S. Xpress Enterprises is offering scholarships at an online college to its drivers and their families in a new program billed as "Full Ride."

The Chattanooga-based trucking company, which employs more than 7,000 truck drivers across the country, said the new benefit will give its drivers the opportunity to earn an associate's, bachelor's or master's degree in the field of their choice at no cost through online courses offered by Ashford University.

In a first for the trucking industry — and one of the first for any major U.S. business — U.S. Xpress also will pay for the online degrees for children (aged 17 to 26 years old) of U.S. Xpress truck drivers.

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U.S. Xpress CEO Eric Fuller is shown at the company's headquarters in Chattanooga, Tenn., in this Aug. 23, 2017, staff file photo.

"In addition to helping our company recruit and retain more drivers, this program offers our drivers and their families the life-changing opportunity to attend college at a time when it is becoming increasingly expensive and unattainable to many," U.S. Xpress CEO Eric Fuller said Monday in an announcement of the new program. "We believe the Full Ride program will attract people to our industry who may have not previously thought about driving a truck."

Fuller said when he heard about new educational scholarships being offered at Starbucks and began thinking about the ongoing training benefits offered by the military to recruit staff, he decided to try an even more ambitious plan for U.S. Xpress drivers and their families in hopes of tackling the ongoing staffing shortage for the nation's fifth biggest long-haul trucking company.

Like most trucking firms, U.S. Xpress has nearly a 100 percent annual turnover rate among its drivers, requiring the company to recruit, hire and train about 7,500 drivers every year. According to the American Trucking Associations (ATA), the trucking industry has 63,000 fewer drivers than it currently needs and that shortage is expected to increase to 176,000 drivers by 2026.

Fuller said it typically cost U.S. Xpress more than $5,000 to recruit and train a new driver and he said his company could handle even more shipments if it could recruit enough qualified drivers.

"There's a huge cost to the driver shortage, so we think this benefit is worthwhile for the company and our drivers," he said. "If your goal is to get an education without racking up debt, we can offer you a means to accomplish that goal. If you want a degree but are not interested in sitting in a classroom all day, we offer you the opportunity to see the country while completing your studies."

U.S. Xpress is teaming up with Ashford University, a private, for-profit online college based in San Diego, California, which offers associate's, bachelor's, and master's degrees in more than 50 degree programs online and starts new classes nearly every week. The flexibility of the start and study times for the online courses should prove popular for truckers, Fuller said.

Even though many of the training programs could lead to drivers getting off the road and pursuing other careers, officials hope the chance for college scholarships and career advancements will lead more workers to try out truck driving for four or more years while they get their degree.

U.S. Xpress and other trucking companies are eager to get more drivers as over-the-road shipments continue to grow amid the booming economy. A new forecast by the American Trucking Association projects U.S. truck transportation volume will grow 4.2 percent in 2018 and another 2.3 percent per year from 2019 through 2024.

Major trucking companies, including Covenant Transportation Group Inc. in Chattanooga, have sharply raised prices and driver wages in the past year as demand outpaces supply.

"Capacity will remain tight as the economy grows, spurred by traditional drivers of truck freight: manufacturing, construction and consumer spending," ATA Chief Economist Bob Costello said. "Right now average revenue per mile is increasing at its highest rate, certainly since the early 1990s when data becomes available, but probably ever."

Unlike traditional tuition reimbursement programs, the students participating in the U.S. Xpress Full Ride program do not have to front the money for college and then later seek reimbursement. The scholarship program pays all costs directly to the university, including tuition, books and course materials, removing any financial barrier for U.S. Xpress drivers and their families.

Dr. Craig Swenson, president and CEO of Ashford University, said Ashford's online model and flexible class format "fit well with the unique needs and schedules of transportation professionals.

"We look forward to welcoming U.S. Xpress' drivers and their dependents into the Ashford community," Swenson said in a statement.

Experienced professional truck drivers are eligible to participate as soon as they begin work with U.S. Xpress, and student drivers are eligible to start taking classes as soon as they have completed their behind-the-wheel training and are promoted to "first seat" driver. There is no obligation for drivers to remain with U.S. Xpress after they have earned their degrees.

"Driving a truck has been a pathway to a better lifestyle for millions of Americans, and we're pleased to see that one of our members is taking that a step further," said Chris Spear, president and CEO of the American Trucking Associations. "Providing a college tuition benefit is an excellent way to attract new drivers into our industry, as well as afford U.S. Xpress' current drivers and their children an opportunity to further their education."

Contact Dave Flessner at or at 757-6340.