When the makers of Little Debbie snacks announced plans three years ago to boost their snack production with a plant expansion, McKee Foods picked Virginia over Tennessee for the $34 million addition, in large measure, because of Tennessee's unfavorable method of calculating excise taxes on major manufacturing investments.
McKee expanded in Stuarts Draft, Va., rather than its hometown of Collegedale because the Volunteer State then assessed taxes on manufacturers based on a three-factor combination of the company's property, payroll and sales. Other neighboring states, including Georgia, South Carolina, Mississippi and Virginia, use a single sales factor that exempts state taxes on property and payroll, in favor of taxing only sales, thereby eliminating the tax penalties on local jobs and capital investment.
But the passage by the Tennessee Legislature last month of the IMPROVE Act, pushed by Gov. Bill Haslam, changed the way manufacturers are taxed, and that change proved pivotal in landing a $360 million tire production plant in Dayton, Tenn., on Wednesday.
The Finnish tire maker Nokian Tyres picked Tennessee over a competing offer in Georgia for its new 400-employee plant only after Tennessee lawmakers changed the formula the state uses to tax major manufacturing projects in a manner that should save Nokian several million dollars a year in state excise and franchise taxes.
"After all of the negotiations we had with this company over the past year, it came down the change in the single tax factor being done by a certain deadline and hats off to the governor and the legislative leadership that helped make this happen," said Dennis Tumlin, executive director of the Rhea County Economic and Tourism Council. "This project would not have come to Dayton without the IMPROVE act."
Haslam said the state has "worked hard to create the best possible environment for job creation, and the recent passage of the IMPROVE Act played a critical role in attracting this great company to Tennessee."
Among provisions in the recently passed and signed IMPROVE Act, which raises fuel taxes for the state's highway fund while cutting several general fund taxes, is a reduction in Tennessee corporate franchise and excise taxes for manufacturers. It allows companies to choose to have tax valuations based on a single-sales tax factor rather than paying taxes based on sales, payroll and investment.
Haslam said the new law makes Tennessee more competitive for plant expansions by existing companies and luring new companies here like Nokian.
Bradley Jackson, president of the Tennessee Chamber of Commerce and Industry, said most of Tennessee's neighbors had already adopted the single sales tax factor and Tennessee's former 3-factor tax approach was a disincentive for investment in Tennessee, "leaving many of these high-quality employers to look to other states to grow their operations."
"It is critical that we stay economically competitive to avoid a geographic drain of jobs and private investment," Jackson said.
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