On Jan. 9, 1945, during World War II, American forces began landing on the shores of Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines as the Battle of Luzon got underway, resulting in an Allied victory over Imperial Japanese forces.
On this date:
In 1788, Connecticut became the fifth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
In 1861, Mississippi became the second state to secede from the Union, the same day the Star of the West, a merchant vessel bringing reinforcements and supplies to Federal troops at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, retreated because of artillery fire.
In 1913, Richard Milhous Nixon, the 37th president of the United States, was born in Yorba Linda, California.
In 1916, the World War I Battle of Gallipoli ended after eight months with an Ottoman Empire victory as Allied forces withdrew.
In 1951, the United Nations headquarters in New York officially opened.
In 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower, in his State of the Union address to Congress, warned of the threat of Communist imperialism.
In 1959, the Western series "Rawhide" premiered on CBS-TV.
In 1987, the White House released a January 1986 memorandum prepared for President Ronald Reagan by Lt. Col. Oliver L. North showing a link between U.S. arms sales to Iran and the release of American hostages in Lebanon.
In 1997, a Comair commuter plane crashed 18 miles short of the Detroit Metropolitan Airport, killing all 29 people on board.
In 2001, Linda Chavez withdrew her bid to be President-elect George W. Bush's Secretary of Labor because of controversy over an immigrant in the U.S. illegally who'd once lived with her.
In 2006, confirmation hearings opened in Washington for Supreme Court nominee Samuel Alito. "The Phantom of the Opera" leapt past "Cats" to become the longest-running show in Broadway history (a record that still stands).
In 2009, the Illinois House voted 114-1 to impeach Gov. Rod Blagojevich (blah-GOY'-uh-vich), who defiantly insisted again that he had committed no crime. (The Illinois Senate unanimously voted to remove Blagojevich from office 20 days later.)
Ten years ago: In a video broadcast posthumously, the Jordanian doctor who'd killed seven CIA employees in a suicide attack in Afghanistan on Dec. 30, 2009, called on all jihadists to attack U.S. targets to avenge the death of Pakistani Taliban chief Baitullah Mehsud (BEH'-tuh-luh mah-SOOD'). Peyton Manning became the first player to win The Associated Press' NFL Most Valuable Player award four times.
Five years ago: French security forces shot and killed two al-Qaida-linked brothers suspected of carrying the rampage at the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo that had claimed 12 lives, the same day a gunman killed four people at a Paris kosher grocery store before being killed by police. Samuel Goldwyn Jr., 88, a champion of the independent film movement and son of one of the founders of Hollywood, died in Los Angeles.
One year ago: President Donald Trump walked out of his negotiating meeting with congressional leaders as efforts to end the 19-day partial government shutdown fell into deeper disarray over his demand for billions of dollars to build a border wall. Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos and his wife, MacKenzie, announced that they were divorcing, ending a 25-year marriage.
Today's Birthdays: Actress K. Callan is 84. Folk singer Joan Baez is 79. Rockabilly singer Roy Head is 79. Rock musician Jimmy Page (Led Zeppelin) is 76. Actor John Doman is 75. Singer David Johansen (aka Buster Poindexter) is 70. Singer Crystal Gayle is 69. Actor J.K. Simmons is 65. Actress Imelda Staunton is 64. Nobel Peace laureate Rigoberta Menchu is 61. Rock musician Eric Erlandson is 57. Actress Joely Richardson is 55. Rock musician Carl Bell (Fuel) is 53. Actor David Costabile is 53. Rock singer Steve Harwell (Smash Mouth) is 53. Rock singer-musician Dave Matthews is 53. Actress-director Joey Lauren Adams is 52. Comedian/actor Deon Cole is 49. Actress Angela Bettis is 47. Actor Omari Hardwick is 46. Roots singer-songwriter Hayes Carll is 44. Singer A.J. McLean (Backstreet Boys) is 42. Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, is 38. Pop-rock musician Drew Brown (OneRepublic) is 36. Rock-soul singer Paolo Nutini is 33. Actress Nina Dobrev is 31. Actor Basil Eidenbenz is 27. Actress Kerris Dorsey is 22. Actor Tyree Brown is 16.
Thought for Today: "Love me when I least deserve it, because that's when I really need it." — Swedish proverb.