File photo by Andrew Harnik of The Associated Press / Stephen Parlato of Boulder, Colo., holds a sign that reads "Hands Off Roe!!!" as abortion rights advocates and anti-abortion protesters demonstrate in front of the U.S. Supreme Court, on Dec. 1, 2021, in Washington. With Roe v. Wade facing its strongest threat in decades, a new poll finds Democrats increasingly view protecting abortion rights as a high priority for the government.

This week marks the 49th anniversary of Roe v. Wade. Will it make it to 50? That's the question women are asking with increasing urgency — and fierce determination.

Opponents of abortion believe this is their moment. Their support played an outsize role in the election of Donald Trump, and he rewarded them with three Supreme Court justices chosen with the belief they would vote to overturn Roe. They sit atop a judicial system that Republicans have stacked for years.

Since 1973, when Roe was codified, states have enacted more than 1,300 abortion restrictions, and 2021 saw states passing laws restricting and banning abortion at a higher rate than any previous year.

Twenty-three states passed the most extreme legislation imaginable, sprung from junk science and partisan politics, and defended with the lie that the measures are intended to protect women's health. But these laws are all about power — not health. Power over women's lives. Power over women's bodily autonomy. Power to decide women's future.

On "Roe Day," we need to recommit to electing lawmakers who will defend abortion rights in Washington and the states. In 2022, we need to vote for women's lives. Our goal is to elect a 60-vote abortion rights majority in the Senate and flip state legislatures that are currently held by the narrowest of margins.

Many of those same states are the epicenters of legislative action to make abortion care even harder to access — particularly for Black, indigenous, and people of color (BIPOC) and those living on low incomes.

The reproductive autonomy of BIPOC women is inextricably linked to the legacy of racial oppression and discrimination. Today, that legacy is growing in states that have become laboratories for six-week bans and total bans, personhood amendments, fetal heartbeat laws, waiting periods, informed consent requirements, bans on public funding, insurance prohibitions, unnecessary clinic regulations — onerous laws designed to deter women from choosing abortion and make it more difficult to obtain for those that do.

Some of the worst laws have been passed in Mississippi, and we're awaiting a U.S. Supreme Court ruling in the case involving the state's 15-week abortion ban that poses a direct challenge to Roe. If Roe is overturned, 12 states have already passed laws designed to be "triggered" following a Supreme Court ruling, and the Guttmacher Institute says 26 states are certain or likely to ban abortion without Roe.

One of the architects of the vigilante Texas law, Jonathan Mitchell, wrote this in a "friend-of-the-court" brief submitted to the U.S. Supreme Court by Texas Right to Life: "Women can 'control their reproductive lives' without access to abortion; they can do so by refraining from sexual intercourse."

There it is — plain and simple. This fight isn't about outlawing abortion. It's about control over women. As Ruth Bader Ginsburg said in her Senate confirmation hearing about the decision whether or not to bear a child, "When Government controls that decision for her, she is being treated as less than a fully adult human responsible for her own choices."

Over the years, an unprecedented coalition of women's rights and social justice groups have come to Washington to "March for Women's Lives," and demand that women have a right to abortion care, birth control and all reproductive options, including the right to have children and determine their own family formations without government interference.

Now, it's time to Vote for Women's Lives.

The midterm elections will hinge on turnout, and we must resolve to break turnout records from coast to coast. With voting rights still in the balance, the best defense against voter suppression may be voter determination — and we are more determined than ever.

Christian F. Nunes is president of the National Organization for Women. She wrote this for

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