This story was updated at 7:40 p.m. on Friday, May 15, 2020, with more information.
ATLANTA — Pepper Rodgers, a colorful personality who helped Georgia Tech to an unbeaten football season as a player in 1952 and went on to coach the Yellow Jackets as well as Kansas and UCLA plus professional teams for Memphis in both the United States Football League and the Canadian Football League, died Thursday.
He was 88.
A statement from his alma mater said Rodgers died in Reston, Virginia, where he lived after retiring from his final job, which was in the National Football League as the Washington Redskins' vice president of football operations in 2004. No cause of death was given, but he had recently fallen.
A quarterback and kicker, Rodgers was part of Georgia Tech teams that went 32-2-3, won two Southeastern Conference championships and won three major bowl games during his three years on the varsity in an era when freshman were not eligible per NCAA rules. He capped a 12-0 season in 1952 by throwing a touchdown pass, kicking a field goal and adding three extra points in a 24-7 victory over Ole Miss in the Sugar Bowl.
Tech finished No. 1 in the International News Service poll but was No. 2 behind Michigan State in polls from The Associated Press and coaches.
When he returned to Tech as coach in 1974, he showed up riding a Harley-Davidson and sporting a perm, a sign of the freewheeling style that often put him at odds with his bosses and staid alumni.
When coaching in the USFL, he once wore a tuxedo on the flight to play a game against the New Jersey Generals, a big-spending franchise owned by future president Donald Trump. Another time, he donned the helmet he wore while serving in the Air Force in an attempt to motivate his team.
For all his antics, though, Rodgers stuck to business on the field.
"'He's no clown, Memphis Showboats linebacker Steve Hammond told The New York Times in 1985. He's a good coach who likes to have some fun. That's all.
Rodgers began his head coaching career at Kansas in 1967. He went 20-22 over four seasons, including a Big Eight title and an Orange Bowl appearance in 1968, before moving to UCLA. After going 2-7-1 in his inaugural season with the Bruins, he went 17-5 and posted runner-up finishes in the Pac-8 over the next two years with an explosive wishbone offense.
Rodgers left an arguably better job at UCLA to return to his alma mater, where he installed the wishbone but failed to match the level of success from his tenure in Los Angeles. His best season was in 1978, when the Yellow Jackets went 7-5 with star running back Eddie Lee Ivery, but he was unable to overcome the lack of modern facilities or the school's status as an independent program at the time.
"We were not in a conference, and the facilities hadn't changed since I had played," Rodgers told The Atlanta-Journal Constitution in 2015. "I knew how hard it was going to be to win there. But that had nothing to do with taking the job. It was about my love for Tech."
After the Jackets slipped to 4-6-1 in 1979, Rodgers was fired. He posted a record of 34-31-2 over six seasons in Atlanta, finishing his college coaching career with an overall mark of 73-65-3.
Rodgers returned to coaching with the Showboats of the upstart USFL in 1984. He went 7-11 his first season and 11-7 the following year with an appearance in the semifinals, but the USFL went out of business after a failed attempt to move to a fall schedule and head-to-head competition with the NFL for spectators and TV viewers.
Rodgers had one last coaching job, also in Memphis. In 1995, he went 9-9 with a team known as the Mad Dogs in the CFL's failed effort to crack the U.S. market. Faced with massive losses and dwindling attendance, the team folded after one season.
"I am devastated to learn of the passing of Pepper Rodgers," Tech athletic director Todd Stansbury said. "He was a Georgia Tech legend."
Stansbury is a former Tech player who was recruited by Rodgers.
"I am eternally grateful to him for bringing me here," Stansbury said. "If it weren't for Pepper, I would have never had the opportunity to live out my dreams as a Tech student, football player, alumnus and, now, athletics director. He has also been a mentor and friend throughout my professional career and I will miss him greatly.
"We have lost a great Tech man."
With the NFL's Redskins, Rodgers worked under Dan Snyder in his early years as the team's owner. The Redskins failed to make the playoffs during his tenure, but he was there for Marty Schottenheimer's final season as coach, the ballyhooed hiring of Steve Spurrier from the University of Florida and three-time Super Bowl champion Joe Gibbs' return to the sideline in 2004.
"I was terribly saddened to hear the news about the passing of Pepper Rodgers," Snyder said in a release. "Anyone who knew Pepper knew what a genuinely good person he was. He was a kind and gentle man who helped guide me as a young owner in the NFL. He had an incredible knowledge of the game and was beloved by everyone in the organization."
Franklin Cullen Rodgers was born in Atlanta on Oct. 8, 1931. He always thought basketball was the best of the three sports he starred in at Brown High School, but football became his calling card after he headed to his hometown university in 1949 on the heels of a state championship.
He carried on that success at Tech during perhaps the greatest era in the school's history. After the unbeaten season in 1952, which the school still claims as a shared national title, Rodgers led the Jackets to a 9-2-1 mark as a senior, capped by a 42-19 rout of West Virginia in the Sugar Bowl. He threw three touchdown passes and was named the game's MVP.
Rodgers was taken in the 12th round of the NFL draft by the Baltimore Colts but entered the Air Force instead, where he served as a pilot for five years. He began his coaching career as an assistant at the Air Force Academy in 1958, moved to Florida in 1960 and then to UCLA in 1965.
Rodgers took his first head coaching job before the 1967 season, leaving behind a powerful UCLA team ranked No. 1 heading into its next-to-last game of the regular season against Los Angeles rival Southern California, led by star running back O.J. Simpson.
The Bruins dropped a 21-20 thriller, a game UCLA quarterback and Heisman Trophy winner Gary Beban believes would have turned out different if Rodgers had still been on the staff.
"We would have not lost to USC by one point, and in essence, the national championship," Beban told the Los Angeles Times. "Coach was worth at least another six points when he was calling the plays."
Rodgers was associated with big names throughout his coaching career. As UCLA's head coach, his quarterback was Mark Harmon, who became better known for his acting career. Rodgers gave Spurrier his first coaching job as a Tech assistant and later coached Chattanooga native Reggie White in the USFL.
Rodgers is survived by his wife of 45 years, Janet Lake Livingston.he