Guatemala finds over 1,000 artifacts at Americans' home

Led by their lawyer Juan Pablo Aris Bravo, right, Stephanie Allison Jolluck, and Giorgio Salvador Rossilli exit out of a courthouse with their faces covered with a towel, after they were released, in Antigua, Guatemala, Tuesday, Nov. 15, 2022. Stephanie Allison Jolluck was first captured on Nov. 9th at Guatemala City's airport when she was found to be transporting two archeological artifacts in her luggage, she was arrested and taken to a courthouse in Guatemala City and placed on probation, but then the couple was arrested on Sunday, Nov. 13, with over 150 archeological artifacts in a vehicle. (AP Photo/Santiago Billy)

GUATEMALA CITY (AP) — Prosecutors in Guatemala said Thursday they have found 1,222 possible archeological artefacts at the home of an American couple accused of smuggling historical relics.

The apparently pre-Hispanic pieces found in a 12-hour inspection of the house in the tourist town of Antigua range from large stone carvings to small pottery pieces.

The prosecutors office said in a statement that the raid on the home "represents a tough blow to a presumed ring dedicated to illegally trafficking cultural goods."

The special prosecutors office for cultural legacy said the pieces found include stone items made of jade and basalt, and said the pieces had been turned over to an office of the Culture Ministry for examination.

The authenticity of the artefacts may be a key part of the case.

Photographer and designer Stephanie Allison Jolluck — who was detained last week after trying to fly out of Guatemala with two stone carvings were made between 600 and 900 A.D. — has said she bought those items at a market, believing they were souvenirs.

Jolluck and her American companion, Giorgio Salvador Rossilli, live in the tourist town of Antigua, just outside Guatemala City.

Jolluck was released on her own recognizance after her arrest at the airport because she was a long-term resident of Guatemala. But she and Rossilli were detained again Sunday when they were found with 166 Mayan artifacts in their vehicle.

After police pulled them over, Rossilli apparently argued ignorance. Prosecutor Jorge Alberto de León said the couple told a judge they thought the artifacts were cheap reproductions.

"They argued that, because they are foreigners, they cannot tell one piece from another," de León said. "They told the judge that because they were pieces of stone they had seen sold at the markets, they never imagined that they were ancient archeological pieces."

Rossilli is listed as an author of a two-volume work on the "Masks of Guatemalan Traditional Dances" and was credited as one of the curators of Los Angeles art exhibitions of pre-Hispanic artifacts several years ago.

Guatemala's Culture Ministry says that 90% of the 166 artifacts — mostly stone carvings — found in the couple's vehicle are authentic. People smuggling relics and archaeological artifacts face between 5 and 10 years in jail if convicted in Guatemala.

De León said Rossilli also argued the pieces weren't his, and that he had been given them by someone else to restore, and that he was returning them when he was detained.

On Monday, Judge Sherly Figueroa released both Jolluck and Rossilli on bail of about $6,400 apiece and allowed them to keep their passports but prohibited them from leaving the country. They will be required to show up at prosecutors' offices every two weeks as their case continues.

Jolluck's lawyer, Juan Carlos Velasquez, refused to discuss the case with journalists, saying "I am not authorized to talk about this case, which is quite sensitive."