The Queen has died.
When those words were heard and repeated, over and over Sept. 8, people around the world knew immediately which queen. In fact, few are alive today who can remember a time when she was not on Britain's throne. She lived to 96, not only the longest-reigning monarch in British history but the second-longest-reigning monarch in all of history, surpassed only by King Louis XIV of France, the "Sun King." Among the many anecdotes that put her life in historical context, Elizabeth II was queen for a full third of the existence of the United States of America as a nation.
When Elizabeth ascended to power, Winston Churchill was the prime minister. Just two days before she died, in a final act of royal duty, Elizabeth received a 15th person into that high office.