South Carolina's governor said Monday he is going to ask lawmakers to approve nearly $1.3 billion to bring to the state a new electric vehicle plant by a Volkswagen Group-backed group trying to revive a brand that was a 1960s forerunner to today's SUVs.
Scout Motors Inc. and South Carolina officials announced plans to start building new Scout vehicles, powered this time by electricity, for the first time since 1980. They hope to hire 4,000 workers for its $2 billion plant.
Scout is banking on nostalgia combined with an expected boom in electric vehicles. International Harvester made gas-powered Scout vehicles in the 1960s and 1970s. Their shape and features continue to influence modern SUVs, and Scouts have had a niche fanbase of collectors ever since.
In the competitive fight to land electric vehicle plants, South Carolina is trying to join its neighbors providing billions of dollars in taxpayer help.
Georgia offered Hyundai Motor Group $1.8 billion in incentives last year for its first U.S. electric vehicle plant near Savannah and the Tennessee General Assembly approved nearly $900 million in state incentives to recruit Ford Motor Co. and the battery maker SK Innovation to build a $5.6 billion plant in Stanton, Tennessee. North Carolina appears to be offering Vietnamese automaker VinFast more than $1 billion in help for its first North American electric vehicle plant.
Scott Keough, the former president of Volkswagen Group of America who is now the CEO of the resurrected Scout brand, said the 1,600-acre site near Columbia, South Carolina was selected because of its location and site readiness, the availability of workers and training assistance and the speed at which South Carolina responded to VW 's site selection requests.
South Carolina sealed the deal in two months, Keogh said.
"Some states were still shuffling paperwork after 60 days. This state had action," said Keogh, who also is CEO of the independent company headquartered in Virginia and backed by German automaker Volkswagen.
Keough said 74 other sites outside of South Carolina were considered for the Scout plant. In Chattanooga, Volkswagen has about 900 acres adjacent to its only other U.S. assembly plant in the Enterprise South industrial park. But Volkswagen reportedly was looking for a bigger site than what Chattanooga had to offer and Scout officials want to separate the new brand from the other VW models made in Chattanooga, Germany and elsewhere around the globe.
"We continue to work with Volkswagen and other companies to help grow more jobs and investment in Chattanooga," Chattanooga Chamber of Commerce Interim President Charles Wood said in a telephone interview Monday.
Chattanooga is in the middle of the so-called "battery belt" across the Southeast where more than $20 billion of new and announced EV vehicle and battery plants are under development in Tennessee, Georgia and the Carolinas.
PALMETTO PUSH FOR EVS
South Carolina is determined to be a big player in the electric vehicle industry and all the things that go along with it, like making batteries.
BMW operates its biggest production plant in the world in Spartanburg, South Carolina, which Gov. Henry McMaster called "a glorious success" with nearly 11,000 employees.
"The same is happening with Volvo (in Ridgeville, South Carolina) and will happen with Scout," McMaster said in a video announcement Monday of the new $2 billion Scout plant. "We not only have people who want to work. We have the capacity to train them in South Carolina."
Scout's new plant would be built north of Columbia along Interstate 77. Groundbreaking and site work could begin this summer and the company hopes to have 4,000 workers and vehicles rolling off the assembly line by 2026, Keogh said.
When fully running, Scout Motors hopes to be making 200,000 vehicles a year, exporting them around the world.
The $1.3 billion in state help would go toward building a new interchange for the plant on I-77 and a railroad bridge over the highway. There would be other improvements to sewer, power and roads as well as grants the company could use for whatever it wishes to get the venture off the ground, South Carolina Commerce Secretary Harry Lightsey said.
The state General Assembly will need to approve the incentives. Leaders in the Republican-dominated House and Senate appear to fully back the project.
McMaster said adjusted for inflation, the investments made by states in foreign automakers that started making cars in the U.S. in the 1990s were similar.
"They always have said you have to spend money to make money," McMaster said. "Time has proven those are wise decisions."
Lightsey compared Scout Motor's attempts to bring a brand with nostalgic ties and backing from an established automaker into the new electric vehicle industry to Japanese carmakers in the late 1980s introducing the luxury Lexus and Infiniti brands.
"This is a unique moment in history," Lightsey said. "As we started to understand the company's vision we realized what a match this was for the state of South Carolina."
Scout Motor's decision to build near Columbia means each region of the state will have a major automaker.
BWM has been building vehicles near Greenville since 1994 and is investing $1.7 billion to prepare to make electric vehicles there. Volvo Cars began making vehicles at a plant near Charleston two years ago and also plans to begin converting to some electricity-powered models.
— Compiled by Dave Flessner