Elie Wiesel, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and renowned Holocaust survivor, dies at 87

In this Sept. 12, 2012, photo Elie Wiesel is photographed in his office in New York. Israel's Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial says Elie Wiesel has died at 87. (AP Photo/Bebeto Matthews)

Elie Wiesel, the Nazi concentration camp survivor, Nobel Peace Prize winner and author whose seminal work "Night" is regarded as one of the most powerful achievements in Holocaust literature, has died, Israel's Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial said. He was 87.

Based on his experiences and those of other Holocaust survivors, Wiesel wrote dozens of semi-autobiographical books, memoirs and plays. His message "of peace, atonement and human dignity" earned him the Nobel in 1986.

For a decade, he had remained silent about the horrors he witnessed after being transported by train to Auschwitz with his parents and three sisters when he was 15.

After a year, he was liberated at the end of World War II with other prisoners from the German camp Buchenwald - and soon learned that his mother and younger sister had been murdered in the gas chambers.