Years of profound dysfunction in Washington have eroded Americans' confidence in government. Our national leaders have lost virtually all their credibility when it comes to addressing society's most pressing challenges. Fortunately, just as our founders intended, states are increasingly finding innovative policy solutions for many of these problems.
Can you imagine Congress ever accomplishing such a feat?
Georgia has the opportunity to apply those same conservative convictions to its juvenile justice system by adopting the recommendations of the Special Council on Criminal Justice Reform. After months of research last year, the bipartisan Council produced proposals that will stop wasteful government spending and help more of Georgia's young offenders fulfill their promise to lead productive, law-abiding lives.
Georgia House and Senate legislators have overwhelmingly passed House Bill 242 that dramatically alters the juvenile justice and civil code landscape. We believe three principles are essential today and in years ahead to ensure juvenile justice reform is a success in our state.
• First, Georgia must do a better job deciding which of our youth offenders belong in secure facilities. These facilities are extraordinarily expensive -- more than $90,000 per bed per year -- yet nearly two-thirds of juveniles are found guilty of a new offense within three years of being discharged. By any measure, that is a disastrous return on our investment, and it is simply unacceptable, both for taxpayers and for public safety.
The solution is to focus our secure facilities on higher risk, serious offenders and place others in community-based programs better suited to their criminal behavior and their needs. This strategy would not only save Georgia $85 million by 2018, but would also better protect communities and produce brighter futures for our youth.
• Along with smarter placement of young offenders, we must give judges and other court officials the most sophisticated tools available to aid them in deciding individual cases. Risk and needs assessment tools - critical to evaluating a juvenile's risk of reoffending and treatment needs - are simply not being used to their full potential in Georgia today.
Without such tools, our judges and other officials often lack sufficient information to make appropriate decisions. It's unfair and unwise to ask judges to make these vital decisions without proven assessment tools, and doing so can lead to inappropriate placements -- bad news for offenders and the safety of our streets.
• Finally, Georgia needs to expand and improve proven community programs for our less serious, lower-risk youth. How? By reducing the number of lower-risk youth sent to expensive secure facilities, the state will generate savings that can be invested in community options with a proven track record.
This is not a new or outlandish idea. As states such as Texas, Ohio and Illinois have shown, diverting the right young offenders into suitable community placements can save money and safeguard neighborhoods by reducing the likelihood such juveniles will continue a life of crime.
Thanks to the council's work, Georgia has a golden opportunity to harness conservative ideals to produce a more efficient, more effective, and more fiscally responsible juvenile justice system.
Newt Gingrich is the former Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. He represented Georgia's 6th congressional district from 1979 until 1999. Kelly McCutchen is president and CEO of the Georgia Public Policy Foundation, a free market think tank based in Atlanta. This article was originally published in the Marietta Daily Journal.