City Profile: Lookout Mountain

City Profile: Lookout Mountain

March 27th, 2011 in Chattanooganow2011

Hikers take a break to enjoy the view at Sunset Rock atop Lookout Mountain.

* Population: 2,010.

* Geographic area: Lookout Mountain is a nearly 100-mile-long extension of the Cumberland Plateau, south of the Tennessee River. The town of Lookout Mountain comprises just the northern most tip of the mountain. The southern tip, near Gadsden, Ala., has a similar look, and is called Lookout Point.

* Date founded: 1890.

* Landmarks: Lookout Mountain, Tenn., is home to two top-rated and world-famous natural attractions: Ruby Falls, the nation's deepest cave and largest underground waterfall accessible to the public, as well as the Incline, the world's steepest passenger railway. Rock City, with its seven-state views, is nearby in the sister town of Lookout Mountain, Ga.

* Median income: $148,750, the highest in Hamilton County.

* Unique characteristics: The per-capita income for the town is $60,938, the third highest in the state.

* School: Lookout Mountain Elementary.

* Most famous residents: Tennis star Roscoe Tanner; Adolph S. Ochs, whose first newspaper was The Chattanooga Times, went on to buy the then-failing New York Times, which he carried to great influence and prosperity. Jack Lupton was the grandson of John Thomas Lupton, an attorney who came to Chattanooga from Winchester, Va., and Elizabeth Patten, daughter of Chattanooga Medicine Company founder Z.C. Patten. John Thomas Lupton was one of three Chattanoogans with the foresight to obtain a contract to bottle Coca-Cola from the soft drink's founder in Atlanta. Jack Lupton succeeded his father, Cartter Lupton, as the owner of the world's largest Coca-Cola bottling company. Jack Lupton left a large legacy in Chattanooga, including helping to establish the Tennessee Aquarium.

* History: In the nation's revolutionary years and during the early white settlement of East Tennessee, the warring Chickamauga Indian band watched movements of John Sevier's raiding parties from Point Rock. Early settlers came to know the distinctive landmark as the place where they should "look out" for an ambush. In later years, when traders began regularly to float goods on the river, the name still stood, as the rock point marked an area of dangerous river sucks and whirlpools near the base of the mountain.

* Fun fact: According to the late Chattanooga and Tennessee historian Zella Armstrong, the Creek Indian name for Lookout Mountain was Chat-a-nu-ga, meaning rock coming to a point or end of the mountain.